Difference Between Accounting, Economic and Normal Profit (With Table)

In simple words, profit is all of a person’s earnings. It is the company’s primary source, as surviving without profit is challenging, though not impossible. Profit is defined as the surplus of overall revenue above expenditures in accountancy.

Accounting profit is the term for such a benefit. On the other hand, you may have heard of the phrase “economic profit” in economics, which describes the amount left over once all direct and indirect costs have been deducted.

When it comes to business, the smallest profit margin necessary to survive is referred to as normal profit. In a nutshell, different fields define profit individually, which is essential to understand when working with profits.

Accounting Vs Economic Vs Normal Profit 

The main difference between accounting, economic and normal profit is that the normal profit is a person’s earnings, and such profits are known as accounting profits. On the other hand, economic profit includes opportunity costs which include implicit and explicit costs. 


Accounting profit is a business’s annual profit, which would be revenue with fewer liabilities. Like raw materials and work, explicit costs are included in accounting profit. Accounting profit, also known as net income, is often declared quarterly and annually and is used to evaluate a company’s financial success.

Economic profit is comparable to accounting profit, but it also takes into account potential costs. Explicit and implicit costs, often known as implied or imputed costs, are included in economic gain. Economic profit, unlike accounting profit, is decided by economic considerations.

The term “normal profit” is frequently used interchangeably with “economic profit.” When a firm’s or corporation’s economic gain is zero, it is said to be in normal profit. Entrepreneurs can evaluate the revenue of their effort to that of other alternative business operations using normal profit.

Comparison Table Between Accounting, Economic and Normal Profit

Parameters of comparisonAccounting profitEconomic profitNormal profit
DefinitionAccounting profit is the total income of the firm during the year.Economic profit is the remaining profit left after removing total expense from overall profitsNormal profit is the minimum amount of profit needed for living.
CalculationAccounting profit = total revenue – total explicit costEconomic profit = total revenueTotal revenue = total cost
BenefitIt shows the profitability of the organization.This shows how the company is utilizing the resources.It helps in showing the future profits predictions of the company.

What is Accounting Profit?

Accounting profit is the entire earnings of a corporation calculated using widely recognized accounting principles (GAAP). It comprises operational costs, depreciation, mortgage, and taxes, among other running costs.

Accounting profit, also known as accounting profits or monetary profit, is the net profit produced after all monetary costs have been deducted from annual income. In effect, it displays how much money a company has leftover from subtracting its explicit operating expenses.

What is Economic Profit?

The difference between the money collected from the sales of a product and the costs of the inputs required, and any potential charges, is referred to as economic gains or loss. Opportunity and explicit expenses are removed from revenue gained while assessing economic profit.

Opportunity costs are a form of the implicit cost calculated by the administration and vary depending on the scenario and viewpoint.

A sort of “what if” study is economic profit. People and corporations may choose to prioritize economic profit when faced with decisions about production rates or other commercial options. Negligible profit implications can be proxied by economic profit.

What is Normal Profit?

The lowest amount of profit needed by the organization for its permanent continuation is known as normal profit.

Profit occurs when the economic gain reaches zero (break-even point) as a function of the gap between total revenue and total cost. Economic progress occurs when the amount is more significant (positive value) than zero.

Normal profit and economic profit seem to be financial realities, while accounting profit pertains to the financial gain a company files on its accounting records each period. 

When faced with high implicit costs, an organization may evaluate normal profit or profitability.

Normal profit arises when all assets are used effectively and can not be better utilized anywhere. When there are significant implicit expenses, normal profit might be thought of as the bare minimum of profits required to justify a business.

Main Differences Between Accounting, Economic And Normal Profit

  1. Economic profit is more like a simulated result based on possible choices. On the other hand, accounting profit calculates what happened and the measurable outcomes for the timeframe. To look at it another way, accounting profit is the financial gain after explicit costs have been deducted. Economic profit involves both explicit and implicit expenses.
  2. Accounting Profit refers to a company’s actual profit produced over a specific time; Economic Profit refers to a company’s anomalous profit or profit that exceeds what is required to meet expenses when Total Revenue (TR) equals Total Cost (TC), normal profit results (TC).
  3. The most significant distinction between accounting, economic, and normal profit is that accounting profit is substantially greater than economic and normal profit.
  4. Accounting profit is being used to determine a company’s profitability; economic profit is being used to determine the financial situation of a company. The term “normal profit” refers to a company’s ability to cover its costs.
  5. Accounting profit can be used to analyze the company’s financial performance and determine how successful it is. In macroeconomics, normal profit could be used to identify whether a business or segment is improving or deteriorating. On the other hand, economic profit can be used to evaluate investments and whether to enter or depart a market.


The company’s whole future is dependent on its ability to generate profits. If a corporation makes a profit, it will provide an excellent return to its shareholders. As a result, the earnings described above are three distinct types of profit.

The three analyses will aid in determining the firm’s productivity, profitability, growth, financial stability, and positioning. This would indicate to the shareholders whether or not they should invest in the business.