Difference Between Act and Regulation (With Table)

Every country has its government bodies that pass the acts and create regulations. Each government bodies are responsible for the different types of rules and acts they passed for the betterment of the country. Every member of the country who lives there or visits that country needs to follow that rules or acts.

Act vs Regulation

The main difference between an act and a regulation is that an act is a legal form of record that has been done and passed by the legislature whereas the regulation is forced by the superior or the proficient authority that takes the actions.

Act vs Regulation

In the eye of the law, an act is a bill that is commenced by the government. It is a legal mechanism that notes or inscribes something that has been said or done. It is a sub-set of law that make the public aware of the rules which came into force by the member of parliament or the government. When the government bodies convey or proceed with the bill, it becomes an act.

On the other hand, the regulation is an approved or official rule. It is the rules that are proposed by the parliament or the government bodies in order to control the behavior of the public. It also ensures the proper functions of the law. It provides the guidelines to the act that need to be implemented.

Comparison Table Between Act and Regulation

Parameters of comparison     ActRegulation
DefinitionThe order processed by the member of parliament or respective legislature is known as an act.regulation is the implemented law that is given by the governmental agency.
ProcedureIt is a document that came into force by the approval of the government to make new laws. The text must be passed by the majority of both houses of parliament.Regulations are implemented laws by the federal government. It is an act of legislation made by governmental bodies.
NatureAn Act is a documented law, which is guided by government bodies.It is supreme and subordinate in nature.
  ObjectiveIts main objective is to enable the creation of schemes and to facilitate the improvement of standards.Its main objective is to promote and protection of the rights of the public.
Represented byIt is approved by the house of parliament.It is authorized by certain government agencies.

What is Act?

 The legislative body of a jurisdiction passes the bill or document, that is entitled as an act. This government body could be state or nationwide. To make the sense of the specific situation for the betterment of the public by the government or legislative bodies, an act is adopted laws.  The government enacts new acts for the welfare of the rights of the people in the nation.

Well, there is a procedure of an act, firstly the bill is presented in both the houses of parliament and when it is signed by the majority of the members of parliament, it assented to the president and an act becomes the law of the nation.

It is used to enforce the regulation in specific fields and an act is public and private while some are procedural and substantial. It is published as an individual document and available to the public.

What is Regulation?

The government bodies control the activity of the public by making rules that accredit the regulation. It is done by the authority to control the way people behave or something is done. Regulation is made under the authority of law and it addresses the detail and practical implementation of the law.

Regulations are processed by federal agencies. They are enforced either internally or externally and regulators. It is published in the Government Gazette. There are two main forms of regulation that is self-regulation and governmental regulation.

Self-regulation is the regulation for the individuals or the companies where they control all over the legislation and government regulation is the rules for all over the nation.

Main Differences Between Act and Regulation

  1. When the order is passed by the government it is entitled as an act on the other hand regulation is the implemented laws that are enforced by the regulatory agencies.
  2. The bill is introduced in the houses of parliament and then presented to the president, after the assented to presented it becomes an act on the other hand regulation is made by government bodies to process the rules of an act passed.
  3.  Acts are enabled to create schemes to facilitate the improvement in standards on the other hand regulation protects the rights of the public.
  4. Acts are the particular document on the other hand regulations are published in the government gazette
  5. Acts are approved by the member of parliament on the other hand regulations are authorized by the government agencies.


Act and regulation are quite different from each other, an act is a legal statement of law where regulation is the implementation of the rules. When the bill is approved by the president it is entitled as an act whereas the regulation is the enforcement of the government bodies for the various acts.

There is always confusion to understand these two terms as they are hand in hand words but actually, they are different. An act is an individual document where regulation is the subsidiary of an act. They both are important to society as acts are a process for the welfare of the nation where regulation also helps the public to get its freedom of rights. They both provide a better and more peaceful environment.


  1. https://books.google.com/books?hl=hi&lr=&id=zGI3BAAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PR7&dq=definition+of+an+act+as+a+law&ots=SbRY4zurCV&sig=8I_ovHUs_ZmoQl7JVfzvFfAzT5U
  2. https://www.jstor.org/stable/2006825
  3. https://books.google.com/books?hl=hi&lr=&id=b95vg0KFTBoC&oi=fnd&pg=PA1&dq=+regulation+as+a+law&ots=NhBZsI33Tj&sig=ZYBK-R6YPY53b8LecC7n46z3S7A